You can watch the event video below:


Timothy Garton Ash is the author of ten books of political writing or ‘history of the present’ which have charted the transformation of Europe over the last half century. He is Professor of European Studies at the University of Oxford, Isaiah Berlin Professorial Fellow at St Antony’s College, Oxford, and a Senior Fellow at the Hoover Institution, Stanford University. His essays appear regularly in the New York Review of Books and he writes a column on international affairs in the Guardian which is widely syndicated in Europe, Asia and the Americas.

Charles Grant is Director of the Centre for European Reform, which he helped found in 1996. He works on, among other subjects, EU foreign and defence policy, Russia, China, the euro and Britain’s relationship with the EU. During the time of German reunification in 1990 he was bureau chief of The Economist in Brussels.

Helene von Bismarck is a historian, writer and commentator. She has published a book about British foreign policy in the Persian Gulf during the 1960s, as well as a History of the Anglo-German Königswinter Conferences. Her political commentary has featured in The Times, Die Zeit, Foreign Policy, and the BBC. She is now researching Margaret Thatcher‘s European policy.

Together, they will discuss the run-up to German reunification in 1990.